Selection of cases

Decision that Van Anraat must pay compensation to victims of chemical attacks in Iraq confirmed

The Appeals Court of The Hague confirmed that the Dutch businessman Frans van Anraat must compensate victims of mustard gas-attacks in Iran and Iraq in the mid-eighties. The Appeals Court held that the appeal that Van Anraat had lodged against the verdict rendered by the District Court of The Hague op 23 April 2013, was unfounded on all counts.  

During the Saddam Hussein-regime, Van Anraat supplied the Iraqi military industry with large quantities of thiodiglycol (‘TDG’).  The Iraqi regime then used that material to produce mustard gas, which was subsequently used in bombs.  The Iraqi regime then used those bombs against civilians in the mid-eighties. The civilians suffered serious, lasting damage (to their health) as a result. Previously, Van Anraat had been irrevocably convicted for his criminal involvement therewith. Lawyer Liesbeth Zegveld subsequently sued Van Anraat in civil court for the damages of victims of those chemical attacks.

Read the verdict here (in Dutch).

Dutch businessman Van Anraat sentenced to pay Euro 25.000,00 in damages to 16 victims of Iraqi chemical attacks

the district court of The Hague sentenced Dutch businessman Frans van Anraat to payment of damages to the victims of mustard-gas attacks in Iraq and Iran in the 1980s.

The district court declared Iranian and Iraqi law applicable to the claims. It found one of the claims filed by an Iraqi plaintiff to inadmissible due to prescription. The court granted the sixteen other claims, and awarded the plaintiffs Euro 25.000,00 each for immaterial damages suffered.

During the Saddam Hussein-regime, Van Anraat supplied the Iraqi military industry with large quantities of thiodiglycol (‘TDG’). The Iraqi regime then used that material to produce mustard gas, which was subsequently processed in bombs. The Iraqi regime then used those bombs against civilians in the mid-eighties. The civilians suffered serious, lasting damage (to their health) as a result. The seventeen plaintiffs in this case were victims of these chemical attacks.

The criminal involvement of Van Anraat with these war crimes was confirmed in a final judgment by a three-judge chamber of the Appeals Court of The Hague. However, the chamber referred the claims filed by the victims as ‘injured party’ to the civil court. For that reason, plaintiffs subpoenaed Van Anraat in a civil suit on 14 December 2009, respectively 7 July 2010. Lawyer Liesbeth Zegveld represented the victims in both the criminal case and the civil procedure.

Read the verdict in Dutch here.

Dutch businessman Van Anraat has to pay back illegally obtained profits

The appeals court in The Hague ruled that the Dutch businessman Frans van Anraat must pay the Dutch State a sum of Euro 540,000.- in illegally obtained profits. The court finds it proven that Van Anraat earned this money by supplying Saddam Hussein with raw materials (chemicals) for poison gas in the 1980’s.

Lawyer Liesbeth Zegveld is representing a group of 17 victims of the poison gas attacks in Iraq before the Dutch courts. The victims want Van Anraat to pay them each a sum of Euro 25,000.- for the injuries they suffered as a result of the poison gas attacks. The victims hope that in light of this conviction, the Public Prosecution Service will continue its search for the money that Van Anraat made with the deliveries, and that they can ultimately be paid.